The Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal consisted of the organised child sexual abuse that occurred in the town of Rotherham , South Yorkshire , Northern England from the late s until the s and the failure of local authorities to act on reports of the abuse throughout most of that period. The first group conviction took place in , when five British-Pakistani men were convicted of sexual offences against girls aged 12— The Times articles, along with the trial of the Rochdale child sex abuse ring , prompted the House of Commons Home Affairs Committee to conduct hearings. In August the Jay report concluded that an estimated 1, children, of diverse origins,  had been sexually abused in Rotherham between and by predominantly British-Pakistani men Kurdish and Kosovar men were also involved. The failure to address the abuse was attributed to a combination of factors revolving around race , class and gender —contemptuous and sexist attitudes toward the mostly working-class victims; fear that the perpetrators' ethnicity would trigger allegations of racism and damage community relations; the Labour council's reluctance to challenge a Labour-voting ethnic minority; lack of a child-centred focus; a desire to protect the town's reputation; and lack of training and resources.
England Golf encourages clubs and counties to sign up to the Charter and has provided a list of potential commitments. These mean we are all working together to achieve the overarching aims of the Charter. A club or county can select as many commitments as they wish.
The following is a list of pilots and other aircrew who flew during the Battle of Britain , and were awarded the Battle of Britain Clasp  to the —45 Star by flying at least one authorised operational sortie with an eligible unit of the Royal Air Force or Fleet Air Arm during the period from hours on 10 July to hours 31 October In , the Air Ministry made the decision to compile a list from records of the names of pilots who had lost their lives as a result of the fighting during the Battle of Britain [notes 1] for the purpose of building a national memorial. Nothing was done officially, however, to define the qualifications for the classification of a Battle of Britain airman until 9 November After fourteen years of research Flt Lt Holloway had 2, names on the list.